Malignant Melanoma

Malignant Melanoma: Hutchinson’s Melanotic Freckle (Lentigo maligna melanoma) Melanoma is the most serious form of skin cancer originating from the melanin-producing cells that colour our skin called Melanocytes. Even so, if diagnosed and removed while it is still thin and limited to the outermost skin layer, it is almost 100% curable. Once the cancer advances and metastasizes (spreads) to other parts of the body, it is hard to treat and can be deadly.

To identify Melanoma: As melanomas originate from our pigment cells melanocytes (the cells which produce the pigment melanin that colors our skin, hair, and eyes and is heavily concentrated in most moles), the majority of melanomas, therefore, are black or brown. If you suspect that you have a melanoma or are at high risk, please make a appointment with our clinic straight away.

Some Melanomas are More Dangerous than others. So it’s advisable to consult a physician who will tell you whether the melanoma is early or advanced by describing it as either in situ or invasive.

The Four Basic Types

1. Superficial spreading melanoma is by far the most common type, accounting for about 70 percent of all cases. As you might expect, this melanoma travels along the top layer of the skin for a fairly long time before penetrating more deeply.

2. Lentigo maligna is similar to the superficial spreading type, as it also remains close to the skin surface for quite a while, and usually appears as a flat or mildly elevated mottled tan, brown, or dark brown discoloration.

3. The third type of melanoma, acral lentiginous melanoma, also spreads superficially before penetrating more deeply. It is quite different from the others, though, as it usually appears as a black or brown discoloration under the nails or on the soles of the feet or palms of the hands.

4. Unlike the other three types, nodular melanoma, is usually invasive at the time it is first diagnosed. The malignancy is recognized when it becomes a bump. The color is most often black, but occasionally is blue, gray, white, brown, tan, red, or skin tone.